Here is a list of terminologies in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence:
Halal – that which is permitted by God the Law-Giver;
Mustahabb – that which is loved by God but is not obligatory and is rewardable;
Makruh – that which is disliked, but is a lesser degree than Haram; and
Haram – that which is prohibited. Anyone who engages in Haram is liable for God’s punishment and may be subject to legal prosecution and discipline.
Some supportive issues and principles in Islamic Law include:
- The basic principle that all things and actions are allowed (Halal), except those which are specifically prohibited by God.
- No one should declare Haram what God has made permissible; and vice-versa.
- Every thing or action which is Haram is very harmful to the individual and/or the family, community, etc.
- Good intentions do not make any Haram action acceptable.
- Doubtful things are best to be avoided.
God has prohibited (as Haram) all killing (except for capital punishment), stealing, robbing, consumption of any intoxicant, all types of gambling, sex outside marriage, all types of pornography and prostitution, homosexuality, wasteful spending and consumption, interest on money (usury), bribery, spreading gossip and backbiting. Additionally art, music, movies, TV, books, or magazines that clearly promote acts which are Haram are prohibited.